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INFOGRAPHIC - How to Identify and Prevent Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke

We all love summer, but sometimes, the smoldering temperatures can be unbearable. Extreme heat can be dangerous and harmful to the human body. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion are very serious illnesses that can occur if the body can’t cool off by sweating and can sometimes result in death. It’s important to be aware of causing factors, the symptoms, prevention, and what to do for heat related illnesses.

High temperatures and humidity, direct sun or heat, and limited air movement are all obvious factors that may lead to heat stress. Physical exertion, poor physical condition, some medication, and inadequate tolerance for hot workplaces or areas can also contribute to heat stress which can lead to a heat-induced illness.
  • Symptoms of heat exhaustion include the following: Headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, weakness, profuse sweating, mood swings, erratic behavior, upset stomach or vomiting.
  • Symptoms of heat stroke include the following: Dry, hot skin with no sweating, mental confusion, loss of consciousness, seizures or convulsions.
The first step in preventing heat stress is being aware of the signs and symptoms of heat-related illnesses, and monitoring yourself and those around you. Block out direct sunlight and other heat sources, use cooling fans/air conditioning, and rest regularly in the shade. Stay hydrated by drinking lots of water or fluid with electrolytes. In the heat, wear lightweight, light-colored, and loose-fitting clothes. Avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, and heavy meals.

If you or someone around you begins showing signs and symptoms of a heat related-illness, immediately call or have someone call 911. While waiting for help to arrive, the affected person should be moved to a cool, shaded area, have heavy clothing loosened or removed, drink cool (not cold) water, and be cooled off by fanning or misting water.

Most heat related illnesses can be prevented. ARS/Rescue Rooter wants you to stay cool and smart this summer! We hope you found this information useful. Tell us what you think in the comment section below! 

heat stroke infographic.

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